Skin discoloration is a broad term that describes a wide variety of skin concerns, all of which result in irregular, discolored areas on the surface of the skin. Hyperpigmentation, age spots, sun spots, melasma, vitiligo and birthmarks are just a few types of skin discoloration and uneven skin tone. Skin discoloration is a common concern that affects almost everyone at some point or another, and it can happen on both the face and body. Changes in skin color occur when melanin, the substance that gives our skin pigment and protects it from the sun, is overproduced by the body and results in excess pigment. Skin discoloration can happen for a wide variety of reasons, including: sun damage, acne, rosacea, dermatitis, skin cancer, post-surgical healing, scarring, injuries and other trauma.
While skin discoloration is not usually a cause for serious concern, it can greatly impact one’s self esteem. Some minor skin discoloration may correct itself over time with the help of over-the-counter skincare products, but more severe skin discoloration can only be reversed with the help of professional treatments and medical-grade skincare. Professional aesthetic treatments such as chemical peels, microneedling, LED therapy, radiofrequency therapy, laser therapy and microdermabrasion are all options that can help alleviate skin discoloration.